Sightseeings of Armenia

Garni pagan Temple and Geghard monastery

Temple of Garniis the only surviving monument of the Hellenistic period in Armenia.  The temple is dedicated to the God of the sun Mithra and was built in the 2nd half of the 1st c A.D. during the reign of king Trdat I. The temple was collapsed during the earthquake of 1679. It was restored in the 1970s, using the surviving fragments and carving the missing ones renewed. The temple is built of basalt stone.

Geghard - According to the Armenian historians as early as in the 4th c there had already been a monastery called Ayrivank (the cave monastery) in this inaccessible corner of the Azat ravine . Later the monastery was renamed Geghard which meant "spear".

Khor Virap  & Noravanq & Areni Winery          

Noravank( 12 – 14 th c) is one of the beautiful places in Armenia. It is built in the heart of the nature, among sharp,red cliffs and the deep gorge. Noravank attracts tourists attention with the stair-like carvings on the facade which leads to the second floor. 

KHOR VIRAP MONASTERY : The monastery of Khor Virap is situated on top of the hill and is one of the sanctuaries of the Armenian Apostolic church and a pilgrimage site. According to church lore this is the location of the municipal jail of the capital of Armenia Artashat, where upon the orders of king Trdat III, they threw Gregory the Illuminator who was accused of professing Christianity. Gregory spent there 13 years.

The village of Areni is, by coincidence or not, not only the location of the oldest proved winary facility in the world, but it is also a village known all over the Armenia for ots widespread artisanal winemaking.This enduring  family winery tradition in Areni , which was strong enough to survive throug the communist years , could be explained by the multi –milenium involvement in winemaking, and further diggings in the region or in the village itself,could in the near future reinforce Areni`s position as the cradle of wine production.

Sevan lake & Dilija National Park & Haharcin Monastery complex

Lake Sevanis the most famous lake in Armenia – the blue beauty. The perfect view of the Lake Sevan is from the peninsula called Sevanavank, because of the monastery. It consists two churches: Sourb Arakelots (Holy Apostoles) and Sorb Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God). According to an inscription which was  found in one of the churches, the monastery was founded in 874 AD by princess Mariam, the daughter of Ashot I who became a king a decade later. 

Dilijan National Park, occupying 24,000 ha, is located in the North-Eastern part of the Republic of Armenia, in Tavush province (marz). Dilijan National Park is well known for its forest landscapes, rich biodiversity, medicinal mineral water springs, natural and cultural monuments. It is one of the two existing national parks in the Republic of Armenia.

Hagharcin monastery complex is located in Dilijan National Park.It is 13 th century complex which is known as a cemetry of Armenian princely family Bagratuni.The road to Hagharcin goes throug the Hagharcin forests which is one of the most beutiful places in Armenia.

Echmiadzin Cathederal  &  Zvartnoc Temple

Echmiadzin is a small city 25 km from Yerevan.It is Vatikan of Armenia where is located the    Mother Cathedral of armenians and the Residence of Catholicos ofg Armenia.

 3 km from Echmiadzin are located the ruines of Zvartnoc temple.It is 7 century temple listed in UNESCO heritage.

 Haghpat & Sanahin

Haghpatis a medieval monastery founded by Saint Nshan in X century. The “Holy Cross” Church is the oldest structure of the monastery. It was built in 977-991. On the territory of the monastery there are a number of splendid cross – stones (Armenian- khachkar). The best known among them is the khachkar called “Amenaprkich” which means “All – Savior”. It represents from itself a cross- stone with a sculpted crucifix from 11th  – 13th  centuries.

Sanahinis a monastery complex in a village with the same name. The name relates to Haghpat monastery which is not so far and means “Sa- na- hin” that is “this one is older than the other”.

Both are listed in UNESCO heritage.These 2 complexes are located in the Lori region on the hills surrounded by forests, mountains on the george of river Debed.

Tatev complex(Tatev cable car) – Stonehenge – Jermuk waterfall

The monastery was founded in the ninth century in place of a tabernacle well-known in ancient times. The strategically advantageous location on a cape formed by a deep river gorge with precipitous rocky slopes favored the construction of a mighty defense complex there. Tatev monuments stand out for high quality of building work. The world’s longest 5.7-kilometer ropeway, Wings of Tatev, opened in Armenia on October 16. The 5,700 meters long ropeway got a certificate from the Guinness Book of Records on October 23, 2010. 

Stonehenge

In the mountains of nowadays Armenia (in the south, close to town Goris), the first observatory Carahunge (Car-means stone, hunge-means voice, sound) was created. It has a history of 7.500 years and scientists believe, that there is a tight connection between the observatory in Armenia and Stonehenge in Britain, since the latter is much younger (about 4000 years) and the name itself is similar to the Armenian name and the second half of the name (hange) does not really mean anything in English.

Jermuk.

Is a spa town and  popular destination during the Soviet eraand nowadays is still famous for its hot springs and its brand of mineral water that is bottled in the vicinity. The town is considered to be attractive for its huge waterfall, the natural bridge, the lake, its forests with its walking trails and mineral water pools. Jermuk is currently being redeveloped to become a modern centre of tourism and health services. The town is also being set up to become a sort of Chess centre, with numerous chess tournaments hosted or scheduled to be hosted. Finally, Jermuk is well-known among the Armenian people for its distinctively fresh air.

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