All about Yerevan / Sightseeings of Yerevan
Yerevan ("Երևան" in Armenian; former names include Erivan and ancient name Erebuni; sometimes mistakenly written in Russian transliteration as Erevan) (population: 1,201,539 (1989 census); 1,088,300 (2004 estimate) is the largest city and capital ofArmenia. It is situated along the Hrazdan River, which is not navigable, on the Ararat Plain.
Yerevan is a leading industrial, cultural, and scientific centre in the Caucasus region. It is also at the heart of an extensive rail network and is a major trading centre for agricultural products. In addition, industries in the city produce metals, machine tools, electrical equipment, chemicals, textiles, and food products.
Educational and cultural facilities in Yerevan include universities, the ArmenianAcademy of Sciences, a state museum, and several libraries. The largest repository of Armenian manuscripts, and indeed one of the biggest repositories of manuscripts in the world, is the Matenadaran.
Zvartnots International Airport serves Yerevan. Yerevan - city view from Cascade withMount Ararat in the background.
Sightseeings of Yerevan
Tsitsernakaberd ( Genocide Memorial)
Tsitsernakaberd memorial was built in 1965to celebrate 50 th anyversary of Genocide of Armenians organized in Turkey.The memorial is surrounded by a nice park.
The heart of Yerevan, Republic Square where are located the post office, Government building, Ministries, National Gallery and History Museum. In the center of square are fountains.Every day at 21:00 there is a free show with dancing and colourful fountains for all visitors of Armenia
The Cascades, reminescent of a river cascade, were built in the 1970s.I t is one of the most popular places in Yerevan.In the building of Cascade there escalators and on each floor free museums.
Matenadaran (Institute of ancient manuscripts)
Armenia had one of the most advanced schools of illuminated manuscript painting in the middle ages, and today the largest collection (over 10,000 manuscripts) of these in the world is housed at theMatenadaran. The Institute of Ancient Manuscripts was built in 1957 at the top of Mashdots Avenue with a large underground vault to protect this national heritage.
Visitors have access to a large room full of some of the finest examples of illuminated manuscripts in the world. With each page of the books hand painted, and each page a work of art, the amount of time that went into each one is hard to imagine.
Market is open on weekends.This is one of the most favourit places in Yerevan for tourists.Here the tourists can find different souvenirs, pictures, skulptures, traditional carpets and rugs and so on.
Erebuni Town – Fortress
Erebuni is a must for archaeology buffs. The excavations revealed the extensive hilltop citadel that was the foundation of Yerevan, even before Rome. There are a few rooms which have been rebuilt and painted to show how things would have looked back in the day, and now those rooms have aged so much some visitors assume they're original! The museum below has a beautiful collection of artifacts. Old bronze, stone, ceramic and glass treasures found on the site.
National Art Gallery and History Museum
The National Gallery is an art museum on Trafalgar Square, London, United Kingdom. Founded in 1824, it houses a collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900. The gallery is an exempt charity, and a non-departmental public body of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. Its collection belongs to the public of the United Kingdom and entry to the main collection (though not some special exhibitions) is free of charge.The History Museum of Armenia was formed in 1919 on the basis of the collections of the Armenian Ethnographical Association of the Caucasus, Nor Nakhijevan Museum of Armenian Antiquities, Museum of Antiquities of Ani, Vagharshapat Repository of Ancient Manuscripts (15,289 objects)
Opera building with Freedom Square
Opera Building was officially opened on 20 January 1933. The building was designed by the Armenian architect Alexander Tamanianwho was also the main architect of Yerevan.The building consists of two concert halls: Aram Khatchaturian concert hall and the hall of the Alexander Spendiarian Opera and Ballet National Theatre.
In front of the building is the Freedom Squrae with a nice small lake called Swan lake.