Sightseeings of Armenia

1. Garni Temple

Garni is one of the oldest sights in Armenia worth to be seen once in a lifetime. This museum-reserve is the only Pagan temple in Armenia, situated 28 kilometers away from Yerevan in Kotayk region at the foot of the Geghama Mountains, on the right bank of the Azat River. The gorge of Garni is remarkable for its beautiful, seemingly artificial rocks, which are formed of regular hexagon arbors. The latter stretch from valley bottom till the top of the gorge and are glorified as “Stone Symphony”.

Garni is remarkable with a number of historical and architectural monuments of the Hellenistic and early Christian era. Other than the marvelous temple, there are the Fortress of Garni, the khatchkars of Garni, the ruins of the Saint Sion Church, the ruins of Mashtots Hayrapet Church, the summer palace and the royal baths.

The true and unique masterpiece of Hellenistic architecture in Armenia is the pagan temple of the Sun, Garni. It is a blend of Greco-Roman and Armenian styles. The temple is built by Armenian King Trdat the First in the first century A.D. and  is dedicated to the sun goddess Mythra.. After adopting Christianity in 301 the pagan temple lost its significance and the fortress of Garni became the summer residence of the kings.

It’s also a UNESCO listed World Heritage Site.

 

2. Geghard Monastery

Located several miles from Garni temple, along the river Azat, is situated un unsurpassable masterpiece of Armenian architecture- Gheghard Monastery which is revered throughout Armenia as one of the country’s greatest spiritual and cultural centers.  The monastery of Geghard is a unique architectural construction in the Kotayk province of Armenia, being partially carved out of the adjacent mountain, surrounded by cliffs.

It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

It is believed the monastery was established at the beginning of the 4th century  by the first Catholicos St. Gregory the Illuminator (S. Grigor Lusavorich) and became known as “Aiyrivank” or “Monastery of Caves.

In the 12 th – 13 th centuries thanks to the efforts of Armenian princes of Zakaryan and Proshyan families new cult structures were erected. Then the monastery was named Geghardavank - the Monastery of Spear. According to the legend, St. Thaddaeus Apostle brought the spear with which the Roman soldier had pierced the heart of crucified Christ, the so-called Spear of Destiny (now the spear is kept in the first capital Echmiadzin).

The structures of the monastery are surrounded by the mighty fortification and consist of the main church – Katogike, two cave churches – Avazan and the St. Mother of God, and the princes' tombs.

 

3. Khor Virap

The Khor Virap is the most famous pilgrimage site, one of the most worshipped ones in Armenia and the holy site for the Armenian Apostolic Church, as it is directly connected with the adoption of Christianity.

It is located  on a small hill in the Ararat plain with Mount Ararat visible in the distance (it’s the mountain on which Noah’s Ark is believed to have landed after the Great Flood; remainders of the Ark have been found on it), about 8 kilometres south of Artashat in Ararat Province, 30 km from the capital Yerevan.

According to Agathangelos, during times when Christianity was rejected in Armenia, king Trdat the Third throws Gregory the Illuminator into the pit of royal prison, where he spends 13 year. A widow fed him, every day secretly throwing a loaf of bread into the pit. After st.Gregory saved the kind from an incurable disease, Trdat the third let him free. As soon as st. Gregory got freedom, with the king’s support, he declared Christianity as official religion in Armenia.

Later in 642 Catholicos Nerses built a chapel over the jail-dungeon. The pit dungeon is still there. It is 4.4 m in diameter and 6 deep. The tourists can descend down there using a narrow ladder in order to experience the atmosphere.

There is the most beautiful view on the biblical Mount Ararat and entire Ararat Valley from the monastery.

 

4. Noravank Monastery

Armenia is truly full of numerous churches, but even in the diversity of those churches you can never find one resembling the other. It is typical not only for Armenian churches but also all Armenian architecture in general. The Monastery of Noravank is not an exception which is a 13th-century Armenian monastery, located 122 km from Yerevan  in a narrow gorge made by the Amaghu River, deep in the Noravank canyon, near the town of Yeghegnadzor. Literally translated from Armenian, Noravank means “New Monastery”. 

This church complex, by the 13th-century architect Momik, is a masterpiece both for its architecture and its dramatic setting founded by Bishop Hovhannes in 1205.

Noravank consists of St. Karapet, St. Grigory the Illuminator churches and St. Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God) two-storey church, which is notable for its ideal constructive and sculptural work.

The monastic complex has an interesting love story behind. Due to the great love of the master and the princess the world has the chance to enjoy the monastery of incredible beauty.

 

5. Tatev Monastery

Tatev Monastery complex is one of the most spectacular places of Armenia located 1600 high in the mountains, in Syunik province of the south of Armenia, 250 km from Yerevan on the right elevated bank of the river Vorotan and forms an incredible harmony with the picturesque landscape creating an impression as if it were an inseparable part of that landscape.

Built in the 9th century, Tatev monastery complex was one of the oldest spiritual centers of medieval Armenia, the largest centre of philosophy and science as well as the biggest university of its time. “Tatev” meant ‘give me wings” in old Armenian. Indeed, located at such a height, Tatev loos as if it reaches for the sky. Its walls seem natural continuation of the rock which uplifted it so high.

Today the architectural complex is presented to us in all its greatness. The center of the complex is occupied by St. Peter and Paul Church (Surb Pogos Petros), the main and largest structure of the monastery.

There is a lot more to discover here. “Wings of Tatev”, is just another example,  which is a super-modern, the longest non-stop double track cable car in the world (5,7km) and registered in the Guinness Book of World Records. This journey allows the visitors to enjoy a safe and impressive drive over the spectacular Vorotan River Gorge. The cable car travels at a speed of about 37 km (23 mi) per hour, and a one-way journey takes about 10 minutes. So, if you are looking for unforgettable adventures in the air, Wings of Tatev will take you to the sky!

 

6. Areni Winery

Located at 1000 meters above sea level, the village of Areni is believed to be a place where one of the oldest grape varieties has been cultivated since ancient times.

Areni village is located about 120 km from Yerevan in in Vayots Dzor province, on the banks of the river Arpa. At the entrance to the village, right at the road on the left side a private small wine factory "Areni" is located, which you can visit to get acquainted with the production process, taste the local wines.

Areni village is mentioned in the 3rd millennium B.C in the history. That sunny village is famous for the best types of wines. Wine “Areni” has its place among the most respectful wines of Armenia due to its unique aroma and gentle taste. Visit to the Wine Factory of the village will be the best proof. Armenia in fact has incredible amount of proven evidence that winemaking here began 6,200 years ago. Areni winery has the capacity to process over 250 tones of grapes.”

 

7. Khndzoresk

There would hardly be anyone who would not agree with the statement that Armenia is more attractive and beautiful with its undiscovered miracles. Every corner of Armenia has its own history – a legend,  a myth connected with it. Khndzoresk village, located in the South-East of Armenia, in Syunik, is not an exception.

Khndzoresk is famous for its antique cave dwellings, which have been used up to 1950s. From ancient times people lived in these rocky hills, constructing artificial shelters and places for food storage.

According to the legend, Khndzoresk, being situated in the deep canyon, was called «Khor Dzor» («Deep Canyon») or «Khordzoresk», which was later renamed as «Khndzoresk».

Thanks to the efforts of Khndzoresk residents a swinging bridge was opened. The 160-meter long bridge weight 14 tons and connects the two banks of the village, the so-called old and new Khndzoresk. The swinging bridge is 160 meters long, 1,5 meters wide and rises 36 meters above the ground. The view of the gorge from the bridge is splendid and it’s better to see it once than to hear about it a thousand times.

 

8. Zorats Karer

Zorats Karer, also called Karahunj, is a prehistoric archaeological site near the city of Sisian in the Syunik Province of Armenia. Karahundj is 3,500 years older than Scottish Stonehenge and 3,000 years older than the Egyptian pyramids. Zorats Karer is one of the most ancient megalithic constructions and probably one of the oldest observatories in the world. The ancient people used this place as an observatory for observing the movement of the sun, moon and celestial bodies.

The Armenian scientists believe there is a link between the name of Stonehenge in the UK and Armenian Karahundj. The word “karahundj” is translated as “speaking stones”.  “Stone” in Armenian is “kar” and “henge” is the same “hundj” (voice, sound, echo in Armenian).

On December 2010, Karahunj was featured in an Episode 14 of the History Channel show “Ancient Aliens”, titled “Unexplained Structures”.

 

9. Etchmiadzin

Etchmiadzin is  the most populous town in Armavir province, 20 km far from Yerevan. In Etchmiadzin one can find numerous old churches, museums, the residence of the Supreme Patriarch and Catholicos of All Armenians and many other Christian facilities. Echmiadzin is often called “Armenian Vatican”.

The Mother Cathedral of Holy Ejmiatsin was founded at the beginning of the 4th century. It is one of the oldest churches in the world and the first cathedral built in ancient Armenia. According to the legend the church was built in the place where apparition of Jesus Christ was seen to Grigory the Illuminator in the dream. The residence of the Catholicos and the Theological Academy are situated near the Cathedral.

The city is best known as the location of St. Gayane, St. Hripsime and St. Shoghakat churches too.

 

10. Zvartnots Temple

A splendid St. Gregory Temple of Vagharshapat, otherwise called Zvartnots Temple was erected in Ararat valley and is considered a masterpiece of an early medieval Armenian architecture. Located 10 km west from Yerevan, in Armavir region, the magnificent Zvartnots Temple was constructed in the 7-th century. Unfortunately, like the majority of other ancient Armenian temples, Zvartnots has survived only in ruins since it was completely destroyed by powerful earthquake in the 10 th century. But even the ruins of this temple give us the idea of its rare and majestic beauty.

It used to be a three-storied round temple of 49 m height consisting of three differently sized cylinders put against on top of each other crowned with a spherical pyramid-shaped cone. The ruins of Zvartnots Temple are designated by UNESCO as World Heritage Site.

 

11. Amberd Fortress

There is a medieval fortress Amberd located 49 km away from the capital Yerevan, in the Aragatsotn province, on the southern slope of Mount Aragats – the highest mountain peak in modern Armenia.

The fortress was built in the 7th century AD. Amberd was one of the most important military defensive positions of the Armenian Kingdom. The name is translated as “the fortress in the clouds” – it is located at an altitude of 2300 meters above sea level. Amberd is built on a cape, surrounded by a deep gorge from the three sides. In the 10-13thcenturies, the castle belonged to the princely family of Pahlavuni. On the territory of the fortress, there is a church built in 1026 by Prince Vahram Pahlavuni. It is named in his honor Vahramashen, which means “built by Vahram.”

Archaeological research in the fortress of Amberd discovered some mysteries from its past. During the excavations, numerous underground walkways leading to rivers were found. It is now known that there used to be a water-supply system. But the most interesting finding in Amberd was Armenian «lavash», dating back to the 12th century that was still edible.

 

12. Saghmosavank monastery

A visit to Sahmosavank Monastery is one of the best options for those people who are in Armenia on a cultural-religious visit. The beautiful monastery is located 35 kilometers from capital Yerevan, in the province of Aragatsotn.

Saghmosavank monastery was built at the edge of Kasagh river's gorge, atop its right side and its excellent location provides additional beauty and comeliness to the monastery. The monastery was mentioned in written sources from the Middle Ages and its entire complex was completed in the first half of the XIIIth century by Vache Vachutyan.

The complex includes the churches of St.Zion (1215) and St.Astvatsatsin (1235), a gavit (1215-1235) and a library. Saghmosavank Monastery was famous for its manuscripts. There a number of miniatures-illustrations were created and copied. The book-depository of Saghmosavank is one of the rarest in purpose and design in Armenia.

 

13. Sevan lake and Sevanavank Monastery

The blue-eyed beauty of Armenia- the lake Sevan is one of the top tourist attractions you may not want to miss during your trip in Armenia.

Beautifully situated 1900 meters above the sea, in the embrace of majestic Geghama Mountains, in Gegharkunik province, the Lake Sevan is the largest in Armenia, and one of the major freshwater high-altitude lakes in the world. Alongside with the Lake Van and Lake Urmia, Sevan was considered one of the three major lakes of the historical Armenian Kingdom.

Originally, the Lake was famous for its picturesque island, widely described in the literary works of Armenian authors, but, unfortunately, after human intervention in the early 20th which drained the waters of the lake, it turned into a peninsula.

Nowadays, the picturesque Sevan Peninsula houses the medieval Sevanavank Monastery which is one of the most-visited sights in Armenia. The monastic complex comprises 2 churches- vivid pieces of early Armenian medieval architecture- Surp Arakelots (“Holy Apostles”) and Surp Astvatsatsin (“Holy Mother of God”).  The inscription in one of the churches says that the monastery was founded by Princess Mariam in the 9th century. An incredible panoramic view of the Lake, adjacent villages and the mounts opens from the top of the Peninsula.

 

14. Tsaghkadzor

Spa Town Tsaghkadzor  a popular and modern health resort in Armenia, located 50 kilometers north of the capital Yerevan  at a height of 1841 meters above sea level. Tsaghkadzor literally means valley of flowers or flower canyon in Armenian. The name of Tsaghkadzor is associated with the name of the nearby Tsaghkunyats Mountains.

It's a small but very hospitable city, where the beauty of nature is displayed in all its glory. In recent years Tsaghkadzor has become one of the most popular and preferred resort, especially for tourists who prefer active winter recreation. Here sport lovers will be provided with all the necessary conditions for skiing and snowboarding.

The Kecharis Monastery, founded at the beginning of the 11th century, is one of the significant religious complexes of  Tsaghkadzor and one of the well-preserved medieval architectural samples of the Armenian Highland.

Tsaghkadzor town is especially well-known for Tsaghkadzor’s arm-chaired ropeway which lies at the eastern slope of Teghenis Mountain (2819 m). Now both the ropeway and the trails are provided with the best techniques and equipment. There are a number of services in the territory of ropeway: parking, aid station, instructor, rescue service and cafes where you can relax, order a delicious food, hot coffee or tea.

 

15. Dilijan

Dilijan, the greenest corner of Armenia is a town with mild climate, impressive forests, wildlife, curable mineral water and purest air situated in the northeast of Yerevan in Tavush province. Called “Armenian Switzerland” by locals, alpine Dilijan has undeniably attractive scenery and certainly enough natural beauty to inspire creative thought.

Dilijan city and its surroundings are rich with natural and historic-cultural sights, which makes it possible to combine passive rest in sanatoriums with excursions and walking tours. Dilijan National Park, significant with its rich and unique biodiversity, is also located here. Within many hotels and rest houses, as well as plenty of family rest houses and accommodation received a special appreciation from tourists. Dilijan hotels offer their services to businessmen and tourist as well. Recently International school was opened in the Dilijan, which made this adorable city, located in the North of Armenia, even more recognized and demanded.

The forested town has some great examples of traditional architecture of the region and is a brief trip to the beautiful monasteries of Haghartsin and Goshavank. Sharambeyan street has been preserved and maintained as an "old town Dilijan", complete with craftsmen workshops, a gallery and a museum.

 

16. Haghpat Monastery

One of the most ancient sights in northern Armenia's Lori region is the medieval Armenian monastery complex Haghpat, also known as Haghpatavank. The monastery was founded by Saint Nishan (Sourb Nshan) in the 10th century during the reign of King Abas I. The nearby monastery at Sanahin was built around the same time.

Haghpat monastery was the largest centre of science with rich collection of manuscripts. It had the premises for the library manuscripts copying, refectories and universities. Of all the structures only the main church of St. Nshan (967-991) with sculptural images on the outside and frescos (13 th – 14 th centuries) inside, St. Gregory church (1005), the small dome church of St. Astvatsatsin (12 th – 13 th centuries), the 13 th – century refectory, the 13 th - century book-depository, the belfry (1245), and khachkars have survived.

Haghpat is under protection of the UNESCO and listed as the world's heritage item.

 

17. Sanahin Monastery

Sanahin is a medieval monastic complex, a precious gem of Armenian architecture located in the north of the country, in the province of Lori, on a high plateau on the right bank of the river Debed. According to documents and evidence of material culture this structure belongs to the 10th century. The name Sanahin in Armenian means “older than that” evoking that it is older than the nearby Haghpat monastery.

The monastery is an entire complex, which consists of the Church of Saint Astvatsatsin, the Church of All-Savior, the Chapel of Grigor, scriptorium, academy, the gavit of Saint Astvatsatsin Church, the gavit of All-Savior Church.

This monastery was the educational centre of Armenia. There were academies, libraries, scriptoriums and schools where the books were copied. Sanahin owned vast land resources. The complex of Sanahin is an important site not only for Armenians but also for the whole world as it belongs to the list of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

 

18. Goshavank Monastery

The medieval monastery complex of Goshavank stands in one of the most picturesque places in Armenia, near the village of Gosh in the Tavush region. Built in the XII-XIII centuries, the monastery was once the most important spiritual and cultural centre of Armenia.

Goshavank was named in honor of the great Armenian scientist, politician, fabulist and writer Mkhitar Gosh, who in 1188, with the support of Prince Ivane Zakaryan, took part in the construction. of the monastery.

The monastery complex includes St. Astvatsatsin church (1196), St. Gregory church (1231), St. Gregory the Illuminator church (1241), the book-depository with belfry (1291), the school buildings, the chapel and the gallery (13 th century).

 

19. Haghartsin monastery

The Armenian paradise of Tavush region is rich in both natural and historical monuments. Founded between the 10th and 13th centuries, Haghartsin complex is located high in the woody mountains in Tavush region, 18 km to the north of the resort town of Dilijan, where there are eagles and the name of the monastery from Armenian is translated as “games of eagles”.

Monastery complex of Haghartsin represents an amazing harmony of architecture and nature. Haghartsin complex includes three churches: the Church of the Holy Mother of God, St. Gregory and St. Stephan’s. The oldest of them, the church of St. Gregory, was built in the 10th century.

Haghartsin complex also includes a chapel, a dining hall, a bell tower, a library, monk’s cells and originally Armenian khachkars. Today in the monastery of Haghartsin you can see large log wooden tables and chairs, which serve pilgrims during religious ceremonies.

 

20. Gyumri The Cultural Capital of Armenia

The northern Armenian town of Gyumri situated 126 kilometers north of the capital city of Yerevan is the second largest city in Armenia and the capital of Shirak Province. It lies in the northwestern part of Armenia in the central Shirak Highland. Gyumri- one of the oldest cities of Armenia had different names during the history: Kumayri, Gyumri, Alexandrapol, Leninakan and again Gyumri.    

Architectural style of Gyumri is unique. Today Gyumri is an industrial center. There is a regional museum, historical and cultural reserve, picture gallery, besides there are five churches, a monastery and orthodox chapel. The most beautiful and valuable among the churches is considered the Amenaprkich Church (Church of our Savior, 1860-1873).

The Cultural Capital of Armenia - Gyumri is known as capital of humor. From ancient times Gyumri has been the birthplace of many prominent scientists and artists. Eventually, which is the main secret of Gyumri for being the capital of arts and  handicrafts? The city is likely to be in the proper artistic environment. Such an environment educates the human soul and endows people with aesthetic view. It is noteworthy that the art influenced not only museums and public buildings but also the usual dwelling houses. With all their differences they reflect a peculiar local style. At that moment your heart will beat more harmonically and your soul will be filled with pride. One rejoices seeing that the newly erected buildings continue the long standing architectural traditions. This comes to provide the connection between old and new, as well as the spiritual roll-call between the past and coming generations.

 

21. Yell Extreme Park

Yell Extreme Park is located in Yenoqavan village, Tavush region. As the first extreme amusement park in Armenia, it gives an opportunity to do extreme sports without being a  professional.

The first zip-line flight took place in  July 2015, a year later in July 2016 the quantity of visitors surpassed 5000. In that period new  activities adjoined the park : paragliding, mountain biking, paintball, rope park, zorbing, horseback riding, off-road tours.

The team of Yell Extreme Park has created an amazing opportunity for those who are searching for adventures and adrenaline.

 

22. Parz Lake

There are lots of beautiful but “hidden” places in Armenia, and Parz lake, which means “clear” in Armenian is one of them. It is located in Dilijan National Park to the north of the city of Dilijan at the altitude of 1400 meters above sea level.

There is no best time for visiting lake Parz : it is beautiful any time of the year. The view of lake is stunning in winter, spring, summer and especially in autumn. But no matter which season it is, lake Parz  is a heaven for those who love to enjoy peace and silence.

While Parz Lich is a smaller-in-size lake, it has much to offer to each of its visitors. Among them are four-wheeled motorcycles, boats, crafts, fishing and camping.

 

23. Lastiver

Lastiver, located in Tavush region is one of the most picturesque places in Armenia. The very cave complex consists of two major sites located within 250 meters of each other. The first one known as small Anapat represents a cut through the rock two-story building of 13 century. On the walls of caves the unknown artists left the bas-reliefs of amazing beauty, perfectly preserved to this day.

From Pre-Christian times the caves of Lastiver were a sacred place, to which testify the numerous cave pictures. But in the Middle Ages, during the Tartar-Mongolian invasions the caves of Lastiver served as a hiding-place for the village inhabitants.

Just below the caves, at the lowest point on the gorge a marvelous view opens: the waterfalls of Lastiver, which are really considered to be wonders of Nature. On hot summer days, visitors can swim in the cool waters of the river Khachakhpyur.

 

 

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24. Dendropark

The Stepanavan Dendropark or Sochut is a beautiful arboretum in Lori, a northern province of Armenia, at 12 km from town of Stepanavan and 133 km from Yerevan.. It was the first botanical garden in Armenia, established in 1931 by Polish engineer-forester Edmon Leonovich.

The botanical garden covers an area of 35 ha, half which is occupied by the natural forest with a variety of plants and trees. The garden mainly consists of deciduous forest and ornamental plants.

The park is a lovely leisure zone for nature lovers who would like to relax and enjoy the unique flora and fauna of the Caucasian region.

They say, miracles happen here in Sochut. There is a small wooden bridge in the park, and it’s believed that if you are crossing it for the first time, then you can make a wish, and it will come true. Maybe you should try, sometimes miracles happen.

Take into consideration, that there are no cafés or restaurants here. All you can do is just go to the park, enjoy the time you spend there and return.

 

25. Noratus

Noratus is an ancient Armenian village located in the region of Gegharkunik, near the Lake Sevan, 90 km north of Yerevan. The village is famous for its cemetery of cross-stones (khachkar in Armenian), the largest one in the territory of Armenia. Armenian khachkar (meaning cross-stone) is a carved, memorial stele bearing a cross, and often with additional motifs such as rosettes, interlaces, and botanical motifs. Figures of leaves, bunches of grapes, pomegranates and apricots are typical ornaments carved cross-stones.

Many khachkhars in the cemetery of Noratus, date back to the 13-17th centuries, and the oldest one was curved in 10th century. The cemetery is spread over a 7 hectare field containing almost a thousand khachkars each of them depicting unique ornamentation. The majority of the khachkars are covered by moss and lichen. Several tombstones in the cemetery depict carved scenes of weddings and farm life.

 

26. Shaki waterfall

Armenian nature surprises by its majesty and diversity: impressive mountains, green valleys, azure lakes, fast rivers, and even waterfalls. Shaki Waterfall is a unique highlight of the Armenian nature situated on the left side of the Vorotan River Gorge, in the region of Syunik, in the north of the cozy resort town of Sisian.

Shaki Waterfall is a deep ravine, the slopes of which are full of caves and rock niches. The water falls from a height of 18 meters, and its power is so strong that being next to the waterfall you will not hear any other voices. Origin of the name Shaki comes from beautiful same-named girl. According to the legend a conqueror admired the beauty of Shaki and ordered her to come to him. Shaki didn’t want to become a victim of his violence jumps from a high rock. When falling down her long dress opens and turns into a waterfall. Since then it is called Shaki waterfall.

It is a unique treasure of the nature, which annually gathers a lot of tourists and travelers from all over the world.

 

27. Jermuk

Jermuk is one of the leading mountain resorts and spa cities in Armenia located in the southern Armenian province of Vayots Dzor, 171 km far from Yerevan, on the bank of the river Arpa. Jermuk is popular for its distinctively pure nature, the natural bridge, the lake, its forests and healthy mineral waters  known far beyond the republic's borders and  similar to the well-known mineral water in Karlovy Vary. The air here is fresh and full of amazing flowers’ fragrance, plus it is totally free of dust.

The name of the town derives from the Armenian word of "jermuk" or "jermook", meaning "warm mineral spring". It is also known for its huge waterfall, which has 72 m. height and spilling slant into Arpa River reminds girl's hair. Hence another name for a waterfall, Mermaid hair.

Тoday's Jermuk is modern and popular spa-resort with a number of parks, recreation zones,  and it is one of the main touristic destinations for those who visit Armenia.

 

28. Aragats mountain – Kari lake

The highest peak of the Republic of Armenia is the Mount Aragats (4095 m) which is  located in Aragatsotn district. This four-peaked giant is the most favorite mountain of climbers.

On the way to the southern peak the best stop is at Kari Lich, which is at the height of 3250m. The word "Kari" is translated from Armenian means stone. The name it received because of the rocky coast. The lake is surrounded by snow in most of the year,  that is why water is still cold. Located at the South vertex Aragats, and it is from Lake Kari begin some routes mountain climbing. At the lake is struck by contrasts - cold water in the lake, but nevertheless still possible to swim, and the surrounding snow, and the sun bakes the top inexorably.

On the top one opens the most attractive scene: the silhouette of green valleys from one side, the eternal snow and silver lakes from other sides and the Biblical Mount Ararat far in the fog of Ararat Valley.

 

29. Alphabet Park

Armenian Alphabet Monument is located in the village of Artashavan, at the east side bottom of Mt. Aragats. It was erected in 2005 to the 1600 anniversary of creation of the Armenian alphabet by the design of the famous Armenian architect Jim Torosyan. The monument is an interesting demonstration of the stone carvings of 39 Armenian letters.

The Armenian alphabet has been used to write the Armenian language since the year 405 or 406 and is still used to present Armenian language in written form. It was devised by Saint Mesrop Mashtots, an Armenian linguist and ecclesiastical leader, in order to make the Bible accessible to Armenians and spread Christianity. Originally it contained 36 letters and had been completed in the Middle Ages.

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